How to Lower Cholesterol
What Is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a fatty substance that the body’s cells need. LDL is often called bad cholesterol and HDL is good cholesterol. At high total blood lipid levels and an imbalance between LDL and HDL, an excess of LDL lead to atherosclerosis. In the long term it can cause cardiovascular diseases such as angina and heart attacks.
Cholesterol, which is a fatty substance, a lipid, is essential for all cells in the body. Not least, the brain needs cholesterol to function. Cholesterol is also needed for the body to produce vitamin D and certain hormones such as testosterone and estrogen. Cholesterol is necessary while it can be harmful, so it is important that the values are at a good level.
Most people with elevated cholesterol, it has been because of both heredity and lifestyle. For a few it is a pronounced hereditary disease called familial hypercholesterolemia, FH. People with FH have a very high risk of developing cardiovascular disease.see page here!
The liver produces most of the cholesterol found within the body. The liver also takes care of the excess and converts it into bile acids, which leaves the body with the stool. A small portion of the cholesterol comes from what we eat and is absorbed by the intestine. The quality of the fat we eat may affect the liver’s production.
LDL And HDL
There are several types of cholesterol, LDL and HDL. LDL is called bad cholesterol and HDL is good. It is important to have a balance between them.
LDL, Low Density Lipoprotein, is a high content of cholesterol. The surplus that is not used outside of the body’s cells can stick to artery walls and eventually cause cardiovascular disease. The value should not exceed 3.0 millimoles / liter.
HDL High Density Lipoprotein, clean up in the arteries and brings cholesterol back to the liver. HDL value should be at least 1.0 millimoles / liter. Estrogen helps women before menopause have a higher HDL value.
Symptoms Of High Cholesterol
Elevated blood lipids produce no symptoms at an early stage. High cholesterol affects slowly the blood vessels and makes them more rigid and narrow.
Arteriosclerosis And Thrombosis
Toxins resulting from smoking, excess LDL, hypertension and high blood sugar can damage blood vessels innermost layer, the endothelial cells. In the damaged cell walls trapped when there is excess of cholesterol. When LDL enters the vessel wall begins to go rancid, oxidized. When the inflammation begins in the vessel wall is formed plaques. The blood vessels become thick and rough. If the plaque ruptures, blood clots formed. Atherosclerosis may eventually lead to diseases such as angina, claudication, myocardial infarction , stroke and blood clots.
It is important not to the levels of total cholesterol is too high. It should also be a balance between LDL and HDL. Antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, blood lipids prevents rancidity, oxidation.
Cholesterol measured by a standard blood test . In order to analyze the value sees the doctor to the patient’s total picture. Some diseases affect blood lipid balance as well as smoking and exercise habits. Generally speaking, LDL levels do not exceed 3.0 millimoles / liter. HDL value should be above 1.0 millimolar / liter – in fertile women, 1,3 -, and triglycerides should be a maximum of 2.0 millimoles / liter. Together, the cholesterol levels did not exceed 5.0 millimoles / liter.view other source:http://theplanetweekly.com/eating-your-way-to-lower-cholesterol/
Smoking is always a risk to health. Cholesterol values are affected both directly and indirectly by smoking. Smoking damages the endothelial layer of blood vessels, which increases the risk of LDL cholesterol to get into the vessel walls. Smoking also lowers the good cholesterol, HDL. Diseases of the pituitary gland, kidney failure, impaired function of the thyroid, rheumatic diseases and PCO-S (ovarian cysts) can lead to high cholesterol.
Stress makes the liver produce more cholesterol. People with diabetes often have a combination of low HDL, high levels of triglycerides and sometimes even high cholesterol. Patients with type 2 diabetes are on the same level of risk that people who have had heart attacks. Lifestyle plays a major role in whether you will develop diabetes 2.